Aspetos cronobiológicos e do sono associados ao neurodesenvolvimento e desempenho escolar em idade pediátrica

Autores

  • Miguel Meira e Cruz Unidade de Sono, Centro Cardiovascular da Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Medicina, Lisboa, Portugal (mcruz@medicina.ulisboa.pt) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6076-0878
  • Fernanda Dubourg Complexo Hospitalar Universitário Professor Edgard Santos, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23882/NE2149

Palavras-chave:

neurodesenvolvimento, performance académica, ritmos circadianos, sono

Resumo

Os ritmos biológicos, e o sono enquanto seu representante de destaque, são fatores biofuncionais relevantes no desenvolvimento neuro-cognitivo e comportamental, com particular interesse no domínio pediátrico. Aspetos concretos, associados à homeostasia do sistema nervoso central e de funções superiores com o equilíbrio socio-afetivo, o juízo crítico, a consolidação de memórias e capacidade de aprendizagem, relacionam-se frequentemente, nestas fases da vida, com a estabilidade do sistema temporal circadiano e com a individualidade temporal definida pelo cronotipo. O sono inadequado ou insuficiente tem, por outro lado, um impacto negativo em diversos parâmetros biopsicossociais que interagem com esses domínios e que condicionam o normal desenvolvimento traduzido em alterações no desempenho neuro-cognitivo e comportamental. Esta revisão incide sobre os aspetos fundamentais da cronobiologia e da fisiologia do sono aplicados ao neurodesenvolvimento e sua aplicabilidade no contexto educacional em relação com o desempenho escolar.

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Publicado

2021-07-07

Como Citar

Meira e Cruz, M., & Dubourg, F. (2021). Aspetos cronobiológicos e do sono associados ao neurodesenvolvimento e desempenho escolar em idade pediátrica. RevistaMultidisciplinar, 3(2), 75–81. https://doi.org/10.23882/NE2149